516 MPs voted to approve the lockdown, while there were 38 votes against.
Prime Minister Boris Johnson implored MPs to vote with the Government for a four-week lockdown in England, arguing the lockdown was needed to prevent deaths “on a grievous scale”.
MPs debated the four-week shutdown in the House of Commons earlier today (Wednesday 4 November). Labour backed the Government's plans while a number of Conservative MPs protested the proposal.
Under new laws, pubs and other “non-essential” businesses will close tonight for 28 days, until 2 December.
They will be able to offer takeaway services, including alcohol if it is pre-ordered.
Pubs could be hit with fines of up to £10,000 for breaking coronavirus laws in this time.
Former Conservative party leader Iain Duncan Smith dubbed the circuit-breaker lockdown as a "business breaker" and called for an impact assessment into the economic fallout.
The Prime Minister said the NHS could be overwhelmed if urgent action was not taken and he was "not prepared to take the risk with the lives of the British people."
Former Prime Minister Theresa May called on the Government to provide more information on the death projections it had used to justify the shutdown.
She said there should be a "proper assessment" of the success of the previous tier system, which could be introduced again after the lockdown ends.
However, the trade has said much more help is needed and some businesses may face permanent closure.