803 licensed venues closed in fourth quarter of 2023

By Amelie Maurice-Jones

- Last updated on GMT

803 licensed venues closed in 2023 fourth quarter

Related tags Property Finance

Nearly nine licensed premises closed per day in the fourth quarter of 2023, the latest Hospitality Market Monitor from CGA by NIQ and AlixPartners has revealed.

Britain’s number of licensed premises dropped by 0.8% in the period – an equivalent of 803 net closures in three months.

The figure is equivalent to 803 net closures in three months, or nearly nine per day.

It represents an acceleration of closures from the third quarter of last year, when numbers fell by 0.3%.

However it is much healthier than the average 24 closures a day the monitor recorded in mid-2022 when post-Covid business failures were at a peak.

The monitor shows Britain had 99,113 licensed premises at December 2023 – nearly 3,000 fewer than 12 months earlier, and 16,000 fewer than at March 2020, the point when Covid arrived in Britain.

The independent sector has been hit particularly hard, with numbers falling by a sixth (16.6%) since early 2020.

Karl Chessell, CGA by NIQ’s business unit director for hospitality operators and food EMEA, said it was “no surprise” to see more contraction in site numbers due to the pressures facing hospitality.

He continued: “More closures can be expected in the coming months as inflation and labour issues continue to put strain on businesses, and independent operators are particularly vulnerable.

“However, CGA’s data points to solid trading for managed pubs, bars and restaurants, and likely drops in inflation and interest rates will hopefully ease costs and loosen people’s spending as 2024 goes on.

“Whether or not this leads to a slowing of closures and a trigger for new openings remains to be seen.”

The monitor also revealed the number of pubs has plunged by 43.3% over the last 20 years.

It indicates food-led pubs have been relatively resilient, with a 7.6% drop since March 2020, while community and high street pubs have dipped by 11.8% and 11.2% respectively.

This reflects the long-term shift in the way people use pubs, and a change in focus from drinking out to eating out.

Managed pub groups have achieved growth of 4.2% in that time, while independents (down 14.1%) and leased operators (down 14.4%) have found to harder to recover from Covid lockdowns.

AlixPartners managing director Graeme Smith said: “Prevailing economic conditions meant 2023 was a difficult year for many hospitality and leisure businesses. However, it was and clearly remains an uneven market.

“Well capitalised, well-run establishments in resilient parts of the market enjoyed continued growth through 2023, whereas smaller independent businesses struggled to absorb the increase in operating costs.
"While the long-term headline-grabbing pub closure rates are on the face of it shocking, they speak to a societal shift, from drinking-out to more food-led occasions.

“This has happened amid a 20-year structural expansion in food venues across the country. It is a hospitality mega-trend of the first quarter of this century.

“The other material shift in behaviour in recent times is that of young consumers moving away from large late-night venues, which has left this segment of the market facing a challenge to adapt.
"As we head into 2024 the outlook looks brighter. With inflation pressures easing and financing costs looking like they have peaked, many operators are looking forward to a more profitable year ahead.” 

Related topics Rebuilding the Pub Sector

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